Phases of The BOT Model
The build operate transfer model in software outsourcing follows main phases: build, operate, and transfer. These phases are done as the unit evolves and grows, and prepares for the company take over.
In this phase, there is much activity concerning the setting up of the operation unit. This encompasses everything ranging from selecting the buildings, setting up and installing infrastructures such as IT devices, Internet, computers, among other things. This is also the phase where staff employment happens, as well as setting up the legal framework, and putting together administration.
By this time, the company should have already specified the desired offshore country, among other things.
During the operate phase, this is where management of the project occurs. This includes development of the projects or products, management, enhancements, maintenance, as well as product support.
In addition, there is much team coaching and personnel development that happens until the ideal level of business maturity and technical capacity of the team has been reached. More often than not, there is always a stipulated length of time which this phase encompasses.
During the transfer phase, the final transfer of project ownership is done from outsourcing partner to the client. However, this happens only when the client has declared that it is ready to fully take control of the project, or when the contract has expired. When this happens, the client acquires a new offshore subsidiary, a transfer of assets, and some handover operation.
The transfer phase may sometimes come earlier than the contractual period, which is when the company decides that it is ready, and thus buys the entire operation. However, there are also some instances where the phase occurs later due to several possible reasons.